«Project Dark» - biografía, álbumes, canciones, videoclips

For the 2011 film, see Dark Souls (film). For the 2007 video game, see Bleach: Dark Souls.

Dark Souls (ダークソウル Dāku Souru) is an action role-playing hack and slash video game set in an open world environment. It was developed and published for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 by From Software in Japan and by Namco Bandai Games internationally. A spiritual successor to From Software's Demon's Souls, Dark Souls began development under the working title Project Dark. The game was released in 2011, in Japan on September 22, in North America on October 4, in Australia on October 6, and in Europe on October 7. On August 24, 2012, the "Prepare to Die" edition of Dark Souls was released for PC, featuring additional content previously unavailable to PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 users. On October 23, 2012, the additional content from the PC version was released as downloadable content for consoles under the title Artorias of the Abyss.

Dark Souls takes place in the fictional kingdom of Lordran. Players assume the role of a cursed human character who has been chosen to make a pilgrimage out of the Undead Asylum to discover the fate of the undead. The plot of Dark Souls is primarily told through descriptions of in-game items and dialogue with non-playable characters (NPCs). Players must piece together what vague information they obtain in order to understand the story, rather than having it laid out for them by the game. Dark Souls garnered recognition due to its grueling difficulty and unforgiving challenge. The game world is filled with weapons, armor and consumable items that serve to assist the player throughout their journey.

Dark Souls received high praise from critics due to its difficulty and deeply rooted mythology. In April 2013, From Software announced Dark Souls had sold more than 2.3 million copies. The PC version was the second most played Games for Windows Live title in 2012 based on unique users.Dark Souls II was announced on December 7, 2012, and was released on March 11, 2014.

Gameplay

Dark Souls is a third-person action RPG. The core mechanic of the game is that it uses death to teach players how to react in hostile environments. Dark Souls takes place in a large and continuous open world environment. Players are able to travel to and from areas and explore various paths, although certain prerequisites have to be met in order to unlock certain areas. Scattered throughout the game world are bosses and creatures of varying types that must be defeated. With each enemy killed, the player will receive a relative amount of "souls" which act as both currency and experience points.

Central to Dark Souls are bonfires. Bonfires are scattered throughout the world and function as resting hubs and save points for the player. While resting, players can level up and repair their equipment, among other things. Resting at a bonfire is restorative and all but necessary for progression in the game. However, resting at a bonfire causes all of the previously defeated enemies of an area to come back to life, save for bosses and mini-bosses.

Another important aspect of Dark Souls is the “humanity” system. There are two states of being in the game. While in “human” form, the character will appear human with healthy skin. Being human opens the online portion of the game, allowing for the summoning of allies and the invasion of other players, while also benefiting players with minor increases to their character’s statistics. However, every time a player dies in human form, they will enter “hollow” form, where they appear undead. In order to retain their status as human, players must consume a “humanity” and visit a bonfire. Humanities can be acquired for defeating certain enemies or by obtaining treasures.

If no humanity is available, players are still able to progress in hollow form. Death in either form results in the loss of all carried souls and humanity. Players will subsequently spawn at their most recent bonfire with one chance at visiting the location of their death and recovering all lost souls and humanities. If the player dies before this is accomplished, the items are permanently lost.

Although being a human is a prerequisite for most of the online play, there are still certain functions that occur no matter what state a player’s character is in, so long as the game is connected to the internet. Whenever the game is connected to the internet players can toggle “blood stains” to view the deaths of other players in the area. This can be beneficial in learning about traps or hidden enemies. Players can also see the shades of other players who are in the same area and see what they are doing.

Communication between players is deliberately limited. If the player is in "party chat" on the Xbox 360, the game will set itself to offline mode. On the other hand, private chat between two players at a time is allowed. Other than character gestures, the only other communication players have with one another comes by way of “Orange Soap Stones,” which allow players to write limited messages that can be read by others in the same area. Sometimes these messages will be deliberately misleading, which adds to the immense difficulty of the game. Some areas of the game have been designated unofficial Player vs. Player (PVP) hotspots by the community. In these areas, it is common to find hundreds of players either invading or waiting to be invaded, in order to engage in duels. Note that with the shutdown of Games for Windows Live, online features for the PC edition of Dark souls may no longer be supported, along with the loss of save files.

Plot

Dark Souls has a minimalistic plot and it is mostly left up to the player to put the pieces of the story together. Historical events in this world and their significance are often implicit and left to player interpretation rather than fully shown or explained. Most of the story is given to the player through dialogue from characters within the game, item descriptions, or through a number of the game's scarce cutscenes.

The opening cutscene details the founding of the universe, where Earth was unformed and the Everlasting Dragons held sole dominion over all. However, the First Fire was ignited (its exact origins are unknown), and within the flame were found four powerful Lord Souls. Each Lord Soul grants its bearer specific and unique characteristics. The finders of these souls, having been granted great power, became godlike entities: Nito, the First of the Dead; the Witch of Izalith and her Daughters of Chaos; Gwyn, the Lord of Sunlight; and the furtive Pygmy, "so easily forgotten." The Pygmy, whose Lord Soul is known as the Dark Soul, dispersed some of his power in order to create the human race; each human bears a minuscule piece of the Dark Soul in the form of a fragment of "humanity" (which is also a consumable item in the game).

With the advent of the First Flame, the four Lords challenged the Dragons for control of the world. During the war, Gwyn used his powerful lightning bolts to peel away the stone scales of the Dragons. The Witch of Izalith (and her Daughters of Chaos) conjured powerful firestorms to burn down the archtrees, where the dragons resided. Nito unleashed a "miasma of death and disease" upon the Dragons, and finally, Seath the Scaleless Dragon betrayed his own kind. Thus began the rule of Gwyn and the Age of Fire.

But the First Flame can only survive if kindled with the four powerful Lord Souls. Thus, by extracting these souls from the Flame, Gwyn had unwittingly removed the Flame's fuel source. An untold amount of time passes until, finally, the Flame begins to wither and die. Concurrently, a curse emerges among humanity and bearers of the accursed Darksign appear. This signals the end of the Age of Fire and the oncoming of the Age of Dark, when humanity (the Dark) will rule with the First Flame extinguished. Realizing this, in a last effort to preserve the Age of Fire, Gwyn ventured to the Kiln of the First Flame with some of his faithful knights from his city of Anor Londo and there sacrificed himself to the fire, hoping to rekindle it. But, lacking all the Lord Souls, Gwyn's sacrifice was not enough, and still only embers remain.

At some point, Dark-stalker Kaathe convinced the inhabitants of a land called Oolacile to upturn the grave of Manus, the primal human and Father of the Abyss. Manus could possibly be the pygmy, whose humanity went wild (for unknown reasons). Upon his awakening, he started to expand the abyss, and mutated the inhabitants of Oolacile into crazed demonic creatures, causing their humanity to go wild as well.

Artorias, a knight of Gwyn, was sent to stop the spread of the Abyss. He failed, and became a servant of Manus, corrupted by the dark. The chosen undead (in the DLC) goes back in time (by way of Manus snatching them through a shadowy portal), killing Manus and stopping the spread of the Abyss. This act is attributed to Artorias, and so the chosen undead's role was unknown, with Artorias being attributed with defeating Manus.

In the world of Dark Souls, many humans suffer from a curse named Darksign, symbolized by a ring of fire. Its bearers will be revived after death (also explaining the fact that the player respawns after being killed), however, they will lose Humanity in the process. Undead that lose too much Humanity will eventually enter the state of being Hollow in which they go insane, effectively losing their personality, memories, and intelligence. As such, over time, many Undead have acquired a variety of ways to either collect Humanity or steal it from others, e.g. the Darkwraith, who drain Humanity from innocents.

Undead in danger of turning Hollow are brought to the Northern Undead Asylum, in which they are locked away from the rest of the world for eternity. It is at this point in the history of the world that the player assumes the role of a human that carries the Darksign, the curse of the Undead. The protagonist starts the game locked in a cell in the Undead Asylum to "await the end of the world," but escapes with the help of an NPC known as Oscar of Astora. Oscar tells the player about a prophecy concerning a chosen undead who leaves the Undead Asylum, in pilgrimage, to ring the two Bells of Awakening in Lordran, the land of the ancient lords.

Once the Chosen Undead has defeated several bosses and rung the Bells of Awakening, the Primordial Serpent, Kingseeker Frampt, is awoken. He tells the player that they must gather the Lord Souls and succeed Lord Gwyn by defeating him and linking the fire, thus undoing the curse. It is implied that Frampt is very old and has awaited the protagonist's arrival for quite some time. To complete this given task, the player must travel through Sen's Fortress and retrieve the Lordvessel from the land of Anor Londo, a forsaken city bathed in sunlight. When the task is completed, the player must then obtain the powerful Lord Soul fragments: one fragment from Seath the Scaleless; one fragment from the Four Kings; one whole soul from the Gravelord Nito; and one whole soul from the Bed of Chaos.

If the player refrains from placing the Lordvessel on the altar, he can instead meet Kaathe in the Abyss, another Primordial Serpent who opposes Frampt. After informing the player that he is a direct descendent of the Furtive Pygmy who obtained the Dark Soul, Kaathe will present the player with a different path to end the Age of Fire and "usher in the Age of Dark." Kaathe states that Gwyn had wished to "avoid the course of nature" and prolong the Age of Fire. In linking the Fire, Gwyn sacrificed himself, becoming the Lord of Cinder. Kaathe implies that the prophecy of the Chosen Undead is a lie. After careful examination of the facts, it becomes apparent that both Frampt and Kaathe have been feeding the player half-truths in order to advance their own agendas. Indeed, there may be no prophecy at all, and the player may be no more than one pawn among many in a greater game. The player must ultimately come to their own conclusions about which path will save the world and which might condemn it.

Inevitably, the player must fight and defeat Gwyn. Once this is accomplished, the player is given a choice: sacrifice themselves and the Lord Souls they carry in order to re-kindle the Flame and prolong the rule of the existing deities; or let the Flame wither and die, ushering in the Age of Dark where the player will become the "Dark Lord."

Reception

Reception

Dark Souls was well-received by critics for its addictive difficulty and seemingly endless variety. Famitsu gave the game a highly positive review, scoring it 37 out of 40, based on four scores of 9, 9, 9, and 10. One of the reviewers for Dark Souls described it as "a very hardcore dark-fantasy RPG" that is "role-playing right down to the roots," and stated that the "massive field map and powerful enemies serve to rev up both your sense of adventure and your sense of dread." Another reviewer stated that "the sheer happiness you get after the trial-and-error pays off and you overcome the challenge is absolutely impossible to replicate."

GameSpot scored Dark Souls a 9.5/10, complimenting almost every aspect. Much praise was given to the online system, as well as the sense of jubilation felt when conquering boss fights after numerous failed attempts. They also suggested that casual gamers may struggle to progress, whereas RPG enthusiasts will thrive on the difficulty.

IGN gave Dark Souls a 9.0/10, praising the well-thought out level design, variety, strong emphasis on online features, excessively dark tone and atmosphere, and deep gameplay. They also noted that it is not a game that one can simply jump into and play for plain enjoyment. They went as far to say that it is not a game for the timid and that the game requires both skill and strategy almost all the time. While praising the extremely high difficulty, they stated that "there's a difference between punishing, and downright unfair."

Eurogamer gave Dark Souls 9/10, saying "If adventure is to surprise and mystify you and invite you to uncover the secrets of a forgotten world, then Dark Souls is a great adventure game. If entertainment is fun without failure and progress without pain, you'll have to find it somewhere else. But you'll be missing out on one of the best games of the year."

Writing for Slate, Michael Thomsen asked if a 100-hour video game was ever worthwhile, stating:

There is real beauty in Dark Souls. It reveals that life is more suffering than pleasure, more failure than success, and that even the momentary relief of achievement is wiped away by new levels of difficulty. It is also a testament to our persistence in the face of that suffering, and it offers the comfort of a community of other players all stuck in the same hellish quagmire. Those are good qualities. That is art. And you can get all of that from the first five hours of Dark Souls. The remaining 90 or so offer nothing but an increasingly nonsensical variation on that experience.

Jason Killingsworth wrote a response to Thomsen's review for Edge:

Thomsen mentions that we could use that 100 hours to train for a marathon. Dark Souls’ vertigo-inducing breadth makes it the gaming equivalent of a marathon...Reading War And Peace? Dark Souls immerses us in war, and lots of it. But it also lets us taste the most incredible peace—sublime moments of quiet interspersed between the violence like rests in a musical score...Taking a roadtrip from New York to Los Angeles and back again? Dark Souls invites us on a journey that makes the sights of middle America pale in comparison...invites us to criss-cross a world. To adore games is to be an insatiable wanderer.

When I finished my long trek through Dark Souls, do you know what I did? I clicked on the New Game+ option and began all over again. And I didn’t look sheepishly at the clock on the wall to beg its permission.

Edge later retroactively awarded the game 10 out of 10 in their October 2013 20th anniversary issue, stating that over time the breadth and quality of the game's design had overruled complaints about the game's difficulty.

Post-release, the game's director, Hidetaka Miyazaki, contemplated adding an easier difficulty level, saying: "Dark Souls is rather difficult and a number of people may hesitate to play. This fact is really sad to me and I am thinking about whether I should prepare another difficulty that everyone can complete or carefully send all gamers the messages behind our difficult games."Namco Bandai claimed Miyazaki's statement was mistranslated, and should have read "This fact is really sad to me and I am thinking about how to make everyone complete the game while maintaining the current difficulty and carefully send all gamers the messages behind it."

Namco Bandai’s yearly financial report stated that the game sold 1.19 million units in the United States and Europe by March 2012. From Software announced in April 2013 that the game had sold 2.37 million units worldwide.

Awards

Game Revolution gave Dark Souls the Community Choice Game of the Year award. IncGamers also gave it the "Game of the Year" award.Q-Games' Dylan Cuthbert and Double Fine Productions' Brad Muir chose Dark Souls as Game of the Year.Electronic Gaming Monthly's Eric L. Patterson chose it as Game of the Year.GameTrailers gave it the "Best Role-Playing Game" award, while also nominating it for the "Best Multiplayer Game", "Best Trailer" and "Game of the Year" awards.GameZone gave the game the "Best Action/Adventure" award and chose it as the runner-up for the "Best RPG" award.

The Daily Telegraph gave the game the "Best Integration of Online Features" award, and nominated it for the awards of "Best Director" (Hidetaka Miyazaki), "Best Level Design", "Best Sound Design", "Best Original Score" (Motoi Sakuraba), "Best Developer" (From Software), and "Game of the Year".TeamXbox gave it an honorable mention as the runner-up for the "Best RPG" award.1UP.com gave it the "Most Rewarding Game" award.Game Informer gave it the award for "Best Boss Fight" (Sif). It also received the "Best Boss Fights" awards from GameSpot, including both the Editors' Choice and Readers' Choice awards.Famitsu gave it an Award of Excellence in its 2012 awards ceremony.

PC version

System requirements

Following the game's release, many gamers expressed their hope for a PC version. Namco Bandai administrator, Tony Shoupinou responded on their page that a PC version was possible, saying:

There is always possibilities to have games adapted on PC and the good news is that Dark Souls is not a 100% typical Console game so the adaptation is possible. Now to make things happen, let's say the demand has to be properly done. Someone to make a successful petition?

On January 6, 2012, fans started a petition to bring Dark Souls to PC, with over 93,000 people signing it. On January 13, Tony Shoupinou replied by saying:

Damn you are amazing! I honestly wasn’t expecting such a massive support. My boss(es) even came to talk to me about this, after it exploded all around the world. If you wanted to have the attention of Namco Bandai Games, now you have it. The future is in your hands, and I hope you will keep supporting this. I make a personal objective to make sure every relevant person at Namco Bandai Games is in touch with this formidable effort.

The PC version of the game was confirmed on April 7, 2012 via the PC Action magazine. It had been reported during the development process that From Software had been having difficulty with the port due to inexperience with PC as a platform, and were focusing on adding content rather than optimization. Re-branded as Prepare to Die Edition, it came out in August 2012 and featured new content, including bosses, enemies, equipment, and NPCs. The new content, titled Artorias of the Abyss, was released for consoles in October 2012 in the form of DLC. Soon after, it was announced that Dark Souls for PC would use Games for Windows – Live for online play and DRM, spurring fan backlash.

The PC version of the game was released on August 23, 2012. A fan-made mod to 'fix' the resolution cap was made shortly after release. Later this fix was extended to an unofficial fan-made patch which additionally fixed a non-configurable frame rate limiter.

In GameSpy's review, the port was referred to as "shabby", citing the game's limit of 30 frames per second, poor mouse and keyboard controls, and nonadjustable resolution, but the expanded content was praised, giving the game an overall favorable review.Eurogamer also commented on the quality of the port, stating: "Dark Souls: Prepare to Die Edition does not come with the technical options you would expect from a well-engineered PC game, because it's a port of a console game, and that's all From Software ever promised to deliver. Anyone who passes up Dark Souls for this reason is cutting off their nose to spite their neckbeard of a face."

Producer of Dark Souls II, Takeshi Miyazoe, responded to the criticism of the PC version by saying:

This is going to sound bad but our main priority was to get the game onto the PC as fast as possible, because people wanted it on the PC. The PC market in Japan is so minimal that originally there were no plans to make it on the PC, but with the strong petition from the North American and European fans, even with the lack of experience of working on a PC platform we still did our best to try to get it out as fast as possible. [The problems] were expected to a certain extent.

We did know there were PC-specific features like key-mapping and use of the mouse and keyboard, high resolution and higher frame rate, stuff like that, but... It's not that we ignored it, but it would have taken too much time for us to implement it, test it and get it up to the level people expected. It was more of a publisher (Namco Bandai) decision to say, ‘Guys, don’t worry about this – let’s just get it out and see how this works on PC.'

Sequel

A sequel, titled Dark Souls II, was announced at the Spike Video Game Awards on December 7, 2012 for release on Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. Amid rumors of a possible dumbing down of the series due to comments made by the new director to Edge, Brian Hong of Namco Bandai assured fans during the Electronic Entertainment Expo in Los Angeles that Dark Souls II will be "viciously hard."Dark Souls II was released on March 11, 2014 for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 and for the PC on April 25, 2014.

References

External links

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