Max Richter (born January 21 1966) is a British composer.
Richter studied composition and piano at the University of Edinburgh, the Royal Academy of Music, and with Luciano Berio in Florence.[not in citation given] After finishing his studies, Richter co-founded the contemporary classical ensemble Piano Circus. He stayed with the group for ten years, commissioning and performing works by Arvo Pärt, Brian Eno, Philip Glass, Julia Wolfe, and Steve Reich. The ensemble was signed to Decca/Argo, producing five albums.
In 1996, Richter collaborated with Future Sound of London on their album Dead Cities, beginning as a pianist, but ultimately working on several tracks, as well as co-writing one track (titled Max). Richter subsequently worked with the band over a period of two years, also contributing to the albums The Isness and The Peppermint Tree and Seeds of Superconsciousness. In 2000, Richter worked with Mercury Prize winner Roni Size on the Reprazent album In the Møde. Richter produced Vashti Bunyan's 2005 album Lookaftering and Kelli Ali's 2008 album Rocking Horse.
In 2002, Richter released his solo debut Memoryhouse, an experimental album of "documentary music" recorded with the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra, which explores real and imaginary stories and histories. It combines ambient sounds, voices, and poetry readings and includes the tracks 'Sarajevo', 'November' and 'Last Days'. BBC Music described the album as "a masterpiece in neoclassical composition." It went out of print several years later, but was re-released in 2009. Four tracks—Europe, After the Rain, The Twins (Prague), Fragment, and Embers—were used in the six-part 2005 BBC documentary Auschwitz: The Nazis and the Final Solution produced by Laurence Rees. Memoryhouse was first played live by Richter at the barbican centre on January 24, 2014 to coincide with a vinyl re-release of the album. Pitchfork gave the re-release an 8.7 rating, commenting on it's extensive influence "As you listen to new work by Julianna Barwick or Jóhann Jóhannson, thank Richter; just as Sigur Rós did with its widescreen rock, Richter showed that crossover wasn’t necessarily an artistic curse".
The Blue Notebooks (2004)
On his second album The Blue Notebooks, released in 2004, actress Tilda Swinton reads from Kafka’s Blue Octavo and other shadow journals. Pitchfork described the album as "Not only the finest record of the last six months, but one of the most affecting and universal contemporary classical records in recent memory.”
Songs from Before (2006)
In 2006, he released his third solo album, Songs from Before, which features Robert Wyatt reading texts by Haruki Murakami.
24 Postcards in Full Colour (2008)
Richter released his fourth solo album 24 Postcards in Full Colour, a collection of 24 classically-composed miniatures for ringtones, in 2008. The pieces are a series of variations on the basic material, scored for strings, piano, and electronics.
Richter's 2010 album, Infra, is an extension of his 25-minute score for a ballet choreographed by Wayne McGregor and staged at the Royal Opera House.Infra is composed of music written for piano, electronics and string quintet, the full performance score, as well as material that subsequently developed from the construction of the album. Pitchfork described the album as "achingly gorgeous" and The Independent newspaper characterised Infra as "a journey in 13 episodes, emerging from a blur of static and finding its way in a repeated phrase that grows in loveliness."
Recomposed by Max Richter: Vivaldi, The Four Seasons (2012)
Richter’s recomposed version of Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons was premiered in the UK at the Barbican Centre on 31 October 2012, performed by the Britten Sinfonia, conducted by André de Ridder and with violinist Daniel Hope. Although Richter said that he had discarded 75% of Vivaldi’s original material, the parts he does use are phased and looped, emphasising his grounding in postmodern and minimalist music. The album topped the iTunes classical chart in the UK, Germany and the US. The US launch concert in New York at Le Poisson Rouge was recorded by NPR and streamed.
Film and television work
Richter has composed numerous film soundtracks. He executed the score to Ari Folman’s Golden Globe-winning film Waltz with Bashir in 2007, supplanting the standard orchestral soundtrack with synth-based sounds. Max Richter also composed music for the independent feature film Henry May Long, starring Randy Sharp and Brian Barnhart, back in 2008. Richter wrote the music for Feo Aladag's film Die Fremde (with additional music by Stéphane Moucha).
In 2010, Dinah Washington's This Bitter Earth was remixed with Richter's On the Nature of Daylight for the Martin Scorsese film Shutter Island. In July 2010, On The Nature Of Daylight and Vladimir's Blues featured throughout the BBC Two two-part drama Dive, which was co-written by Bafta award winning Dominic Savage and Simon Stevens. On The Nature Of Daylight was also featured in an episode of HBO's television series Luck. Richter also wrote the soundtrack to Peter Richardson’s documentary, How to Die in Oregon, and the score to Les Impardonnables (2011) directed by André Téchiné. An excerpt of the song Sarajevo from his 2002 album Memoryhouse was used in the international trailer for the Ridley Scott film Prometheus. The same track was also later used in the teaser trailer for the 2014 film Need for Speed. The track, November, from the same album, was featured in the international trailer for Terrence Malick's 2012 film, To the Wonder, and in the trailer for Clint Eastwood's 2011 film, J. Edgar. Films featuring Max's music released in 2011 include French drama Elle s’appelait Sarah by Gilles Paquet-Brenner, and David MacKenzie's romantic thriller Perfect Sense. In 2012 he composed the scores for Cate Shortland's 2012 Australian-German war thriller Lore and Disconnect, directed by Henry Alex Rubin. Richter latest project is the score to Ari Folman’s new film The Congress, which is set for release in 2013.
Ballet, Opera and Stage Works
Richter wrote the score to Infra as part of a Royal Ballet-commissioned collaboration with dancer Wayne McGregor and artist Julian Opie. The production was staged at the Royal Opera House in London in 2008. In 2011, Richter composed a chamber opera based on neuroscientist David Eagleman's book Sum: Forty Tales from the Afterlives. The opera was choreographed by Wayne McGregor and premiered at the Royal Opera House Linbury Studio Theatre in 2012. The piece received positive reviews, with London's Evening Standard saying "[it] fits together rather beautifully". Their collaboration continued in April 2014 with Wayne McGregor's 'Kairos'; a ballet set to Richter's recomposition of the Four Seasons and part of a collaborative program involving three different choreographers titled 'Notations' with Ballett Zürich. In April 2014 it was also announced that Richter and McGregor will collaborate again together on a new full-length ballet for summer 2015, as part of the 2014-15 Royal Opera House season. In 2012/13, Richter contributed music to The National Theatre of Scotland's production of Macbeth, starring Alan Cumming. The play opened at New York's Lincoln Centre and subsequently moved to Broadway. The company had previously used Richter's 'Last Days' in their acclaimed production of Black Watch.
In 2010, Richter's soundscape The Anthropocine formed part of Darren Almond’s film installation at the White Cube gallery in London. The composer has also collaborated with digital art collective rAndom International on two projects, contributing scores to the installations Future Self (2012), staged at the MADE space in Berlin, and Rain Room (2012/13) at London's Barbican Centre and MOMA, New York.
- Memoryhouse (BBC, 2002)
- The Blue Notebooks (Fat Cat Records, 2004)
- Songs from Before (Fat Cat Records, 2006)
- 24 Postcards in Full Colour (Fat Cat Records, 2008)
- Infra (Fat Cat Records, 2010)
- Recomposed by Max Richter: Vivaldi's Four Seasons (Deutsche Grammophon, 2012)
|Gender Trouble||2003||Roz Mortimer|
|Geheime Geschichten||2003||Christine Wiegand|
|Frankie Howerd: Rather You Than Me||2008||John Alexander|
|Henry May Long||2008||Randy Sharp|
Waltz with Bashir
(Vals Im Bashir)
|2008||Ari Folman||Won "Best Composer" at the 21st Annual European Awards|
|Lost and Found||2008||Philip Hunt|
La vie sauvage des animaux domestiques
(Die wilde Farm)
|2009||Dominique Garing & Frédéric Goupil|
The First Line
(La prima linea)
|2009||Renato De Maria|
My Words, My Lies - My Love
When We Leave
|2010||Feo Aladağ||With Stéphane Moucha|
|My Trip to Al-Qaeda||2010||Alex Gibney|
(Elle s'appelait Sarah)
|The Gift||2010||Andrew Griffin||With Hildur Guðnadóttir|
|How to Die in Oregon||2010||Peter D. Richardson|
|Perfect Sense||2011||David Mackenzie|
|Nach der Stille||2011||Stephanie Bürger, Jule Ott
& Manal Abdallah
|With Sven Kaiser|
|Edwin Boyd: Citizen Gangster||2011||Nathan Morlando|
|Jiro Dreams of Sushi||2011||David Gleb||With Jiro Ono|
|The Patience Stone/Syngue Sabour||2011||Atiq Rahimi|
|La Religieuse||2013||Guilliame Nicloux|
|The Congress||2013||Ari Folman|
|The Lunchbox||2013||Ritesh Batra|
|The Last Days on Mars||2013||Ruairí Robinson|
Awards and nominations
- 2008: European Film Award – Best Composer, Waltz with Bashir
- 2008: Cinema Eye Honors – Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition, Waltz with Bashir
- 2008: Annie Award – Music in an Animated Feature Production, Waltz with Bashir (Nomination)
- 2008: International Film Music Critics Association Awards – Breakout Composer of the Year, Waltz with Bashir (Nomination)
- 2010: Preis der deutschen Filmkritik – Beste Musik, Die Fremde
- 2012: Stockholm International Film Festival - Best Music Score, Lore
- 2012: Bayerischer Filmpreis - Filmmusik, Lore
- 2013: ECHO Klassik -'Klassik ohne Grenzen', Recomposed by Max Richter: Vivaldi's Four Seasons
- London Evening Standard, 24 May 2012
- Dumbo Feather magazine, 2012