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"Bachelor apartment" redirects here. For the 1931 film, see Bachelor Apartment (film).

A studio apartment, also known as a studio flat (UK), efficiency apartment or bachelor apartment, is a small apartment which combines living room, bedroom, and kitchenette into a single room. "Bachelor" or "efficiency" apartments are sometimes smaller than studio apartments. Studio apartments are generally for bachelor/ single occupancy.


These kinds of apartments typically consist of one large room which serves as the living, dining, and bedroom. Kitchen facilities may either be located in the central room, or in a small separate room, and the bathroom is usually in its own smaller room. A Bachelor has no kitchen.


Studio, efficiency, and bachelor style apartments all tend to be the smallest apartments with the lowest rents in a given area, usually ranging around 300 to 450 square feet (25–45 square metres) in the United States, but considerably smaller in countries such as Japan, South Korea, and several European capitals.

Global variations

United Kingdom
In British usage, a studio flat has its own bathroom; a single room with cooking facilities. If a dwelling has a shared bathroom, it may be known as a bedsit or a studio.
United States
A variation common in New York City is the "L-shaped" or "alcove" studio, in which the central room branches off into a small alcove that can be used for sleeping or dining.
Bachelor apartment, or simply "bachelor," is the common term in English Canada for any single room dwelling unit which is not a shared accommodation. A shared room, or particularly small bachelor, is sometimes referred to as a "bachelorette." Residents of the province of Quebec (most in French) widely use the term "studio".
Studio apartments, in the context of Singapore's public housing, are flats that are specifically built by the Housing and Development Board to cater to the growing senior citizen population. One must be at least 55 years old to purchase studio apartments.
Japan has an even smaller variation of the studio apartment known as the one room mansion.
New Zealand
Known as studio rooms in New Zealand, they frequently feature a bedroom with study area and an en-suite bathroom. Spaces such as kitchen, lounge and dining area are communal between other people staying in that apartment.
South Korea
Studio apartments in Korea are called Officetel or One room.
Studio apartments in Norway are called "1-romsleilighet", ”one-room-apartment" in English, because they count both the living room and the bedrooms. Hence an apartment with one bedroom is called a "two-room-apartment" (2-romsleilighet).
Studio apartments in generally are called One room kitchen apartment featuring a hall cum bedroom, including a bathroom and attached kitchenette to the hall mostly availed by one or more Bachelor or a small family ranging around 200 to maximum up to 450 square feet (equivalent to approximately 15 – 40 square metres).
Studio apartments are commonly referred to as quads; and are a common feature in Eastern Kingston. They generally consist of one main room, acting as the living room, dining room and bedroom. The kitchen exist within the same room, with partitioning wall. The bathroom is in a smaller room, by itself. These studio apartments generally come adequate yard space and washing facilities (on the outdoors). They have a bed , a stove and a TV too.

See also

  • List of house types